Navigation Links
80 percent of Malaysian Borneo degraded by logging
Date:7/20/2013

Washington, DCA study published in the July 17, issue of the journal PLOS ONE found that more than 80% of tropical forests in Malaysian Borneo have been heavily impacted by logging.

The Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak were already thought to be global hotspots of forest loss and degradation due to timber and oil palm industries, but the rates and patterns of change have remained poorly measured by conventional field or satellite approaches. A research team from the University of Tasmania, University of Papua New Guinea, and the Carnegie Institution for Science documented the full extent of logging in this region.

The team used the Carnegie Landsat Analysis System-lite (CLASlite) to reveal the vast and previously unmapped extent of heavily logged forest. CLASlite's high-resolution satellite imaging uncovered logging roads in Brunei and in the Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo.

CLASlite, developed by Carnegie's Greg Asner and team, has the unique ability to convert satellite images of seemingly dense tropical forest cover into highly detailed maps of deforestation and forest degradation. The user-friendly monitoring system has been made available to hundreds of governments, nongovernmental organizations, and academic institutions for use in mapping tropical forests.

Analysis of satellite imagery collected from 1990 and 2009 over Malaysian Borneo showed approximately 226,000 miles (364,000 km) of roads constructed throughout the forests of this region. Nearly 80% of the land surface of Sabah and Sarawak was impacted by previously undocumented, high-impact logging or clearing operations. This finding contrasted strongly with neighboring Brunei, where 54% of the land area maintained intact unlogged forest.

Team leader Jane Bryan said: "There is a crisis in tropical forest ecosystems worldwide, and our work documents the extent of the crisis on Malaysian Borneo. Only small areas of intact forest remain in Malaysian Borneo, because so much has been heavily logged or cleared for timber or oil palm production. Rainforests that previously contained lots of big old trees, which store carbon and support a diverse ecosystem, are being replaced with oil palm or timber plantations, or hollowed out by logging."

Only 8% and 3% of land area in Sabah and Sarawak, respectively, was covered by intact forests in designated protected areas. Very few forest ecosystems remain intact in Sabah or Sarawak. But Brunei has largely excluded industrial logging from its borders and has been comparatively successful in protecting its forests.

Greg Asner commented: "The results are sobering. The problem with previous monitoring reports is that they have been based on satellite mapping methods that have missed most of the forest degradation in Malaysian Borneo, and elsewhere throughout the tropics. I'm talking about heavy logging that leaves a wake of forest degradation, even though the area may still look like forest in conventional satellite imagery. With the CLASlite system, we can see the effects of logging on the inner canopy of the forest. The system revealed extremely widespread degradation in this case."

Co-author of the study Phil Shearman said: "The extent of logging in Sabah and Sarawak documented in our work is breathtaking. The logging industry has penetrated right into the heart of Borneo and very little rainforest remains untouched by logging or clearfell in Malaysian Borneo. Brunei provides a stunning contrast. Most of Brunei's forests are still intact, as a result of largely excluding the logging industry from its borders. The situation in these tropical forests is now so severe that any further sacrifice of intact ecosystems to the logging industry should be off the table."


'/>"/>

Contact: Greg Asner
gpa@carnegiescience.edu
650-462-1047
Carnegie Institution
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Japan, China and South Korea account for 84 percent of the macroalgae patents
2. 21 percent of homes account for 50 percent of greenhouse gas emissions
3. Herbal extract boosts fruit fly lifespan by nearly 25 percent, UCI study finds
4. Petroleum use, greenhouse gas emissions of automobiles could drop 80 percent by 2050
5. Squashed loft insulation 50 percent less effective
6. Cities can reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 70 percent, says U of T researcher
7. Renewables and storage could power grid 99.9 percent of the time
8. Agriculture & food production contribute up to 29 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions
9. Eliza Corporation and BlueCross BlueShield of South Carolina Drive Awareness and Healthier Behavior to Increase Colorectal Cancer Screenings by 45 Percent
10. Developing world has less than 5 percent chance of meeting UN child hunger target, study estimates
11. Tax on salt could reduce cardiovascular disease deaths by 3 percent
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/20/2017)... -- PMD Healthcare announces the release of its new ... (WMS), a remote, real-time lung health monitoring and management ... a Medical Device, Digital Health, and Chronic Care Management ... solutions that empower people to improve their healthcare and ... the first ever personal spirometer, Spiro PD, which was ...
(Date:3/13/2017)... , March 13, 2017 Future of security: Biometric ... ... DERMALOGs Face Matching enables to match face pictures ... the basis to identify individuals. (PRNewsFoto/Dermalog Identification Systems) ... DERMALOG,s "Face Matching" is the fastest software for biometric Face ...
(Date:3/9/2017)... and MOUNTAIN VIEW, Calif. , March ... Made Simple," and 23andMe , the leading personal ... food choices.  Zipongo can now provide customers with personalized ... health goals and biometrics, but also genetic markers impacting ... Zipongo,s personalized food decision support platform uses ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/22/2017)... York , March 22, 2017 ... largely fragmented, states a research report by Transparency Market ... Pfizer Inc., Amgen Inc., and AbbVie Inc., accounted for ... 2015. The prominent players in this market are focusing ... their product portfolio, which is likely to lead to ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... March 22, 2017 /PRNewswire/ - FACIT announced a ... or "Propellon"), a start-up created by FACIT focused ... FACIT,s investment, combined with non-dilutive capital, achieves a ... seed funding enables Propellon to accelerate the nomination ... for financing and/or entering a strategic partnership for ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... , March 22, 2017   ... independent provider of product and service solutions ... that it has acquired EPL Archives, Inc., ... customers across the entire regulated product research, ... sample, document storage and ancillary services. EPL ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... Freeport, Grand Bahama (PRWEB) , ... March 21, 2017 , ... ... a free educational seminar as part of their live events series, “Stem Cell Therapy: ... adult stem cell facility under the 2013 Stem Cell Research and Therapy Act, ...
Breaking Biology Technology: