Navigation Links
70 percent of 8-month-olds consume too much salt
Date:7/30/2011

Seventy per cent of eight-month-old babies have a salt (sodium chloride) intake higher than the recommended UK maximum level, due to being fed salty and processed foods like yeast extract, gravy, baked beans and tinned spaghetti.

Many are also given cows' milk, which has higher levels of salt than breast or formula milk, as their main drink despite recommendations that it should not be used in this way until babies are at least one year old. High levels of salt can damage developing kidneys, give children a taste for salty foods and establish poor eating practices that continue into adulthood and can result in health problems later in life.

These are the latest findings from researchers at the University of Bristol based on almost 1,200 participants in the Children of the 90s study and just published online by the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

The researchers found that the majority of infants were first introduced to solids around 3-4 months, with the mean salt intake for the highest group at 8 months more than double the maximum recommendation for that age group (400mg sodium per day up to 12 months). Infants in this top group often consumed cows' milk as a main drink, which has a higher sodium content at 55mg per 100g than breast (15mg per 100g) or formula (15-30mg per 100ml) milk. They also ate three times the amount of bread compared to the lowest group, and were given salty flavourings such as yeast extract and gravy.

In the UK, the majority of salt consumed by individuals is added to food during manufacturing, with a relatively small proportion added during cooking or at the table and current intakes in both children and adults are far higher than NICE (National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence) guidelines.

Speaking about the findings, Dr Pauline Emmett and Vicky Cribb, the nutritionists who conducted the research, said:

'These findings show that salt intakes need to be substantially reduced in children of this age group. Infants need foods specifically prepared for them without added salt, so it is important to adapt the family diet.

'This research suggests that clear advice is needed for parents about what foods are suitable for infants. This should be given to all parents and carers and should include the important advice not to use cows' milk as a main drink before 12 months of age.'

They added that:

'Given that three-quarters of salt in the diet comes from processed adult foods, successful salt-reduction strategies can only be achieved with the co-operation of the food industry. Manufacturers have a responsibility to reduce the salt content of food products. This process has already started in UK but much more needs to be done. If this study were repeated today it is likely that there would be some improvement but not enough to safeguard the health of all babies. '

The researchers studied three-day dietary records (completed by the mothers) of 1,178 8-month-old infants born in 1991/92 and involved in the Children of the 90s study at the University of Bristol. Infants were categorised into four groups of increasing salt intake.


'/>"/>

Contact: Dara O'Hare
dara.ohare@bristol.ac.uk
44-117-331-0077
University of Bristol
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Masks, hand washing, prevent spread of flu-like symptoms by up to 50 percent
2. Surface-level ozone pollution set to reduce tree growth 10 percent by 2100
3. Diet could reduce onset of eye disease by 20 percent
4. Drinking 100 percent fruit juice is associated with lower risk of obesity and metabolic syndrome
5. Wings that waggle could cut aircraft emissions by 20 percent
6. Bullies have harassed 14 percent of workers over past 6 months
7. Wildfires set to increase 50 percent by 2050
8. Rwandas Forest of Hope to expand by 21 percent, begin corridor for endangered chimpanzees
9. Boys with urogenital birth defects are 33 percent more common in villages sprayed with DDT
10. 1 percent -- 1 in 110 -- CDC issues new autism prevalence report
11. Study shows loss of 15-42 percent of mammals in North America
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/11/2017)... Jan. 11, 2017 Intoxalock, a leading ignition ... release of its patent-pending calibration device. With this new ... calibrations, securely upload data logs and process repairs at ... "Fighting drunk driving through the application of ... at large, but also for the customer who can ...
(Date:1/6/2017)... Calif. , Jan. 6, 2017  Privately-held ... safety studies in healthy volunteers of a novel ... to treat acute pancreatitis. Acute ... typically a mild disorder, but can be very ... failure and sepsis, where extended hospital stays, time ...
(Date:1/6/2017)... 2017  Delta ID Inc., a leader in consumer-grade ... automotive at CES® 2017. Delta ID has collaborated with ... the use of iris scanning as a secure, reliable ... in a car, and as a way to elevate ... Delta ID and Gentex will demonstrate (booth #7326 ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/12/2017)... The Energy and Resources Institute ... producing mycorrhizae. The Centre for Mycorrhizal Research at TERI ... and developed a technology that eventually produces mycorrhizae based ... ... The TERI facility has a production capacity of over ...
(Date:1/12/2017)... 12, 2017 The report "Direct-Fed Microbials Market by Type (Lactic Acid ... Liquid), and Region - Global Forecast to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the global ... projected to reach USD 1,399.6 Million by 2022, at a CAGR of 6.96% ... ... MarketsandMarkets Logo ...
(Date:1/11/2017)... ... January 11, 2017 , ... Ovation Fertility™ Genetics ... reliable preimplantation genetic screening (PGS). , “Our genetics and IVF teams are recognized ... Genetics Scientific Director Amy Jones, M.S., ELD (ABB) , who has worked ...
(Date:1/11/2017)... 11, 2017  Brian Mehling, M.D., world-renowned stem cell ... Horizon International (BHI), will be attending the 47th Annual ... from January 17-20, 2017. This will be Dr. ... The theme of this year,s forum is Responsive and ... will address strategies for fostering greater social inclusion and ...
Breaking Biology Technology: