One of the most important and free ecosystem services provided by nature is pollination, the transfer of pollen between flowers by animals. Without this vital ecosystem service, 3/4 of the worlds leading fruit, vegetable, and seed crops would be in peril. The global value of pollination to agriculture has been estimated at around 150 billion per year. While bees are by far the dominant pollinator group (about 20,000 described species), other insects, birds, mammals, and reptiles are also important.
Increasing concern about the loss of pollinator species and the consequent effects on food supply and natural biodiversity has given rise to regional pollinator initiatives in the Americas, Europe, Africa, and Oceania. Additionally, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has taken the lead for the Convention of Biological Diversity to coordinate these regional efforts through the International Pollinator Initiative.
This GBIF Campaign is led by the United States. It will support pollinator conservation through the use of integrated taxonomic knowledge. Five major information products are proposed:
|Contact: Meredith A. Lane|
Global Biodiversity Information Facility