Navigation Links
3 new genetic links to colorectal cancer
Date:12/23/2012

Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center investigators have identified three new genetic "hotspots" linked to colorectal cancer.

These variants, reported Dec. 23 in an Advanced Online Publication in Nature Genetics, provide new insight into the biology of colorectal cancer and could represent new therapeutic targets for the disease.

Colorectal cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers worldwide and rates are particularly high in the United States and other developed countries. Genetics plays an important role in both sporadic and familial (inherited) forms of the disease. However, only about 6 percent of colorectal cancer cases are explained by the rare genetic variants known to confer high risk of colorectal cancer (as seen in familial forms of the disease).

Previous studies on the genetic basis of colorectal cancer have pinpointed several additional variants, but most of the studies were conducted in European/Caucasian populations.

"Looking at different ethnic groups is important because the genetic structures can be different enough that variants identified in one population do not explain risk in other populations," said Wei Zheng, M.D., Ph.D., MPH, an Ingram Professor of Cancer Research and senior author on the study. "Because of the difference in genetic structures and underlying environment exposures, it might be easier to discover some risk variants in studies conducted in non-European populations."

In 2009, Zheng and colleagues in several Asian countries established the "Asia Colorectal Cancer Consortium" to search for novel genetic risk factors for the disease. The consortium included populations in China, Korea and Japan.

Using an approach known as a "genome-wide association study" (or GWAS), Zheng and colleagues began searching for common variants linked to disease risk.

From genomic data obtained from 2,098 colorectal cancer cases and 5,749 controls, the researchers identified 64 variants, or "single nucleotide polymorphisms" (SNPs), that were associated with colorectal cancer.

The investigators then replicated these findings in another set of samples, narrowing down the number of disease-associated variants to four. Three of those four variants were also associated with colorectal cancer risk in a larger European sample.

"The findings from this study are relevant to both Asian and European populations," said Zheng. "Interestingly, these three susceptibility loci were not discovered in previous studies conducted in European-ancestry populations."

This study highlights the importance of conducting genetic studies in non-European populations to fully uncover the genetic basis for common diseases, including colorectal cancer, Zheng noted.

While the specific functions of these newly identified susceptibility loci are not clear yet, several important genes are located in the regions near the risk variants discovered in this study. For example, one risk variant is located near CCND2, the gene encoding cyclin D2, a member of the cyclin family of proteins that regulate the cell cycle. Cyclins have been linked to cancer, but research on the CCND2 gene has been limited. Therefore, the current findings suggest the need for further research on the role of other cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinases in carcinogenesis.

"These new discoveries are very exciting," Zheng said. "They will certainly lead to future studies regarding the biology of these regions and the translational potential of these findings in cancer prevention and treatment."


'/>"/>

Contact: Dagny Stuart
dagny.stuart@vanderbilt.edu
615-322-4747
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Nearby chimpanzee populations show much greater genetic diversity than distant human populations
2. Will a genetic mutation cause trouble? Ask Spliceman
3. UC Santa Barbara researchers discover genetic link between visual pathways of hydras and humans
4. Perception and preference may have genetic link to obesity
5. A foot in the door to genetic information
6. Genetic survey of endangered Antarctic blue whales shows surprising diversity
7. Epigenetic signatures direct the repair potential of reprogrammed cells
8. Epigenetics and epidemiology -- hip, hype and science
9. Genetic variation in East Asians found to explain resistance to cancer drugs
10. First complete full genetic map of promising energy crop
11. Genetic research develops tools for studying diseases, improving regenerative treatment
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/7/2016)... -- Syngrafii Inc. and San Antonio Credit Union (SACU) ... Syngrafii,s patented LongPen™ eSignature "Wet" solution into SACU,s ... in greater convenience for SACU members and operational ... document workflow and compliance requirements. Logo ... Highlights: ...
(Date:6/2/2016)... , June 2, 2016 The Department ... has awarded the 44 million US Dollar project, for the ... Vehicle Plates including Personalization, Enrolment, and IT Infrastructure , ... in the production and implementation of Identity Management Solutions. Numerous ... however Decatur was selected for the ...
(Date:6/2/2016)... , June 2, 2016 Perimeter ... Platforms, Unmanned Systems, Physical Infrastructure, Support & Other Service  ... visiongain offers comprehensive analysis of the global ... market will generate revenues of $17.98 billion in 2016. ... DVTEL Inc, a leader in software and hardware technologies ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/22/2016)... Cell Applications, Inc. and StemoniX announced ... up to one billion human induced pluripotent stem ... These high-quality, consistent stem cells enable researchers to ... more time doing meaningful, relevant research. This achievement ... process that produces affordable, reliable HiPSC for life ...
(Date:6/22/2016)... --  StockNewsNow.com , The Official MicroCap News Source™, today ... Pourhassan , President & CEO of CytoDyn Inc. (OTCQB: ... and potential commercialization of humanized monoclonal antibodies for the ... company,s website (see here: www.CytoDyn.com ). The video ... 2016, at the LD Micro Invitational in ...
(Date:6/22/2016)... ... , ... New light-based technologies that facilitate a “look inside” the human body ... compact, wearable devices for point-of-care diagnostics as well as powerful new systems that provide ... visionary future directions are detailed in a new open-access article by Antonio Pifferi and ...
(Date:6/22/2016)... and ALBANY, N.Y. , ... (Teewinot) and Albany Molecular Research, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... licensed Teewinot,s technology to produce and sell the ... The CBCA analytical standard is manufactured using Teewinot,s ... expression of cannabinoid biosynthetic genes in microorganisms for ...
Breaking Biology Technology: