Navigation Links
2 new species of mushroom on Iberian Peninsula described
Date:2/27/2013

This press release is available in Spanish.

In a study published in the Mycologia journal, researchers from the Basque Country, in collaboration with the Spanish Royal Botanic Garden and the Forestry Institute of Slovenia, have described two new species of Hydnum colloquially known as Wood Hedgehog or Hedgehog mushroom. Mushrooms of the Hydnum genus are well known because many of them are edible.

"In the work we describe two new species: Hydnum ovoideisporum and Hydnum vesterholtii, which belong to a genus colloquially called 'Hedgehog mushrooms'. Although many of the mushrooms of this genus are eaten in various parts of the world, paradoxically there are very few serious and recent works clarifying exactly how many species there are and how they are different", explained Mr Ibai Olariaga Ibarguren, lead researcher of the study at the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU) to the Spanish-based SINC (The Scientific Information and News Service).

According to experts, the work of differentiation of this genus is highly complicated as the species look very similar to each other and have quite similar microscopic features. "This is one of the reasons why many authors believed there were only a few species of Hydnum with different variables", the Basque scientist pointed out.

Nevertheless, the few molecular studies undertaken on these fungi point to very high genetic diversity. Mr Olariaga had been studying this genus on the Iberian Peninsula for years until discovering that there were two species that could be distinguished from the rest because they had ovoid spores most species have rounded ones , and that they also had a particular ecology.

"The molecular study we undertook in this research confirmed that the species I detected, using classical taxonomy based on morphology, corresponded to two genetically marked lines", underlined the researcher.

Knowing the species being picked

The species of the Hydnum genus are picked as they cannot be grown as a crop from natural ecosystems in large quantities and none of their species are poisonous, one of the reasons why efforts have not been made to differentiate them.

However, very little is known about their distribution, their ecology and whether those species being picked are in danger of extinction or, on the contrary, are very common.

"These kinds of studies enable looking at these aspects in depth and, moreover, having precise data that could be of interest from an applied perspective, given that it is necessary to know, for example, if one or few species produce determined secondary metabolites, or molecules of industrial interest", stated Mr Olariaga.

It is probable that mushroom pickers have eaten these two new species as Hydnum is phylogenetically related to Cantharellus and Clavulina, and all these have edible species. "It would be highly improbable that these two species described were not so", concluded the expert. Source: SINC


'/>"/>
Contact: Aitziber Lasa
a.lasa@elhuyar.com
34-943-363-040
Elhuyar Fundazioa
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Carp dominate crayfish in invasive species battleground
2. New species of deep-sea catshark described from the Galapagos
3. Global warming threat to coral reefs: Can some species adapt?
4. Hiding in plain sight, a new frog species with a weird croak is identified in New York City
5. Hiding in plain sight, new frog species found in New York City
6. European grasslands challenge rainforests as the most species-rich spaces on Earth
7. A new pipewort species from a unique, but fragile habitat in India
8. Plant DNA speaks English, identifies new species
9. Ancient whale species sheds new light on its modern relatives
10. Head and body lice appear to be the same species, genetic study finds
11. Weeding out invasive species with classical biological control
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
2 new species of mushroom on Iberian Peninsula described
(Date:6/30/2017)... , June 30, 2017 Today, American ... and supplier of face and eye tracking software, ... Product provider program. "Artificial intelligence ... way to monitor a driver,s attentiveness levels while ... being able to detect fatigue and prevent potential ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... robotic gym for the rehabilitation and functional motor sense evaluation of lower ... . The first 30 robots will be available from June in ... The technology was developed and patented at the IIT laboratories and has ... to a 10 million euro investment from entrepreneur Sergio Dompè. ... ...
(Date:5/6/2017)... May 5, 2017 RAM Group ... a new breakthrough in biometric authentication based on ... mechanical properties to perform biometric authentication. These new sensors ... material created by Ram Group and its partners. This ... transportation, supply chains and security. Ram Group is ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:8/17/2017)... ... August 17, 2017 , ... ... news outlet had provided a research update on Aytu Bioscience and cited promising ... , According to Soulstring, prescription rates for Natesto® have more than doubled since ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... August 16, 2017 , ... While art and science ... more closely connected than one might think. A Mesh Is Also a Snare, ... the University City Science Center’s Esther Klein Gallery (EKG) on August 17 and run ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... , Aug. 15, 2017 After spending the past ... support with crowdsourced data collection, GeneFo now offers this platform to ... aligning and amplifying support, adherence, and data collection vis a vis ... foundations mark the successful launch of this offer. ... GeneFo ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Kenall, a leader in sealed solid-state lighting, ... sealed and perform efficiently for years. The downlights are ideal for a variety ... such as: hospitals; behavioral health facilities; cleanrooms; containment areas; food and pharmaceutical processing ...
Breaking Biology Technology: