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2 climate scientists win 2012 Vetlesen Prize for work on ozone hole, ice cores
Date:1/14/2013

gthening of winds that circle the continent in summer, causing net cooling over most of Antarctica but extreme warming over the West Antarctic Peninsula. She has also written several books. In The Coldest March, published in 2002, she reconstructed the weather during British explorer Robert Scott's 1911 expedition to Antarctica to argue that abnormally cold conditions and not incompetence led to the deaths of Scott and his crew. She has also worked as a member of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC),which in 2007 received the Nobel Peace Prize. Solomon, 56, is the first woman to win the Vetlesen since it was first offered in 1960.

Jouzel, 65, has been involved in collecting ice-core records from both poles since the 1970s, and has advanced isotopic techniques for extracting past climate information from them. In the longest climate reconstruction yet from ice cores, Jouzel in a 2007 study in the journal Science charted temperatures in Antarctica for the last 800,000 years, over eight consecutive ice ages. The record was long enough to highlight Antarctica's climate response to slowly varying seasonal distribution of sunlight caused by changes in earth's orbit. It was also detailed enough to reveal climate variations within each ice age cycle due to earth's complex internal climate system.

He has also been a leader in bringing human-caused climate change to the public's attention. For the last 20 years, he has worked on the IPCC, and is currently vice president of the climate science working panel, whose findings will be released in the Fifth Assessment Report next September. Jouzel has co-written several books, including Climate: A Dangerous Game in 2007 and White Planet, whose English translation is due out in 2013.

Neither scientist came from a scientific family. Solomon was born and raised in Chicago; her father sold insurance and her mother taught fourth grade. She says she was inspired to become a scientist by
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Contact: Kim Martineau
kmartine@ldeo.columbia.edu
646-717-0134
The Earth Institute at Columbia University
Source:Eurekalert

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