Berenbaum touches on some intriguing questions related to the human exploitation of the honey bee. For instance, is beekeeping a form of animal cruelty? Are honey bees livestock? Is honey a vegetarian or vegan product?
The recipes themselves are collected from entomologists and honey enthusiasts around the world, from Korean honey flour cakes to Apiscotti, or "Bee-Enabled Biscotti," to an Armenian rice pudding, Gatnabour, to Baagh-lava, a honey-laden treat enjoyed throughout the Middle East. (Here is a slide show of some of the treats from the book).
In their books, presentations and research, Berenbaum and Kritsky repeatedly draw attention to current challenges and threats to honey bees and the human cultural traditions and economies that depend on them. Colony collapse disorder (CCD), which has led to serious declines in honey bee populations around the world, is the most dire of these threats.
Kritsky believes that commercial beekeeping may itself be to blame.
"We're making bees do something that they were never evolved to do," he said. "These bees are put in small hives, they're shuttled all over the country, from California to Washington to the Dakotas to the Carolinas to Texas, and bees didn't evolve to do that."
A final chapter in Berenbaum's book also addresses CCD.
"Honey bees are beset by a staggering diversity of problems," she writes. "The introduction in the 1980s of two parasitic mites (one of which spreads at least five viral diseases to the bees) the escalating demand for pollination services the pesticides used to control the mites inside the hive (and) the agricultural chemicals the bees inevitably encounter as they forage across an increasingly toxic agricultural landscape" are all taking their
|Contact: Diana Yates|
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign