Navigation Links
2 at 1 stroke -- how cells protect themselves from cancer

Cells have two different protection programs to safeguard them from getting out of control under stress and from dividing without stopping and developing cancer. Until now, researchers assumed that these protective systems were prompted separately from each other. Now for the first time, using an animal model for lymphoma, cancer researchers of the Max Delbrck Center (MDC) Berlin-Buch and the Charit University Hospital Berlin in Germany have shown that these two protection programs work together through an interaction with normal immune cells to prevent tumors. The findings of Dr. Maurice Reimann and his colleagues in the research group led by Professor Clemens Schmitt may be of fundamental importance in the fight against cancer (Cancer Cell, Vol. 17, Issue 3, 16 March 2010, pp. 262-272; DOI 10.1016/j.ccr.2009.12.043)*.

Researchers have known for some time that paradoxically oncogenes themselves can activate these cell protection programs in an early developmental stage of the disease. This may explain why some tumors take decades to develop until the outbreak of the disease. The Myc oncogene triggers apoptosis (programmed cell death), inducing damaged cells to commit suicide in order to protect the organism as a whole. By means of chemotherapy, physicians activate this protection program to treat cancer.

The second protection program not as well understood as apoptosis is senescence (biological aging). This program is triggered by another oncogene, the ras gene. Senescence stops the cell cycle, and the cell can no longer divide. But in contrast to apoptosis the cell continues to live and is still metabolically active. Professor Schmitt, physician at Charit University Hospital and research group leader at the MDC, was able to show on an animal model for lymphoma that senescence can block the development of early-stage malignant tumors.

Myc oncogene triggers cascade to activate both protection programs

Now, for the first time, Dr. Reimann, Dr. Soyoung Lee, Dr. Christoph Loddenkemper, Dr. Jan R. Drr, Dr. Vedrana Tabor and Professor Schmitt have provided evidence that the Myc oncogene plays a key role in the activation of both protection programs without the presence of the ras oncogene. "What is remarkable about this finding is that an oncogene can first trigger apoptosis and interact with the tumor stroma the tissue that surrounds the tumor which also contains healthy cells and with the immune system and then is able to switch on signals which lead to tumor senescence," Professor Schmitt said, summarizing how the interaction works.

"Fundamental significance"

According to the researchers' findings, the cascade occurs as follows: First the Myc oncogene triggers apoptosis in the lymphoma cells. The dying, apoptotic cells attract macrophages of the immune system, which devour and dispose of the dead lymphoma cells. The thus activated macrophages in turn secrete messenger molecules (cytokines), including the cytokine TGF-beta. It can block the growth of cancer cells in the early stage of a tumor disease. The MDC and Charit researchers discovered that the cytokines in the tumor cells that had escaped apoptosis switch on the senescence program and suppress the cancer cells.

"Our findings promise to have fundamental significance for elucidating the pathogenesis not only of lymphoma cancers, but of cancer in general. Our results indicate that senescence triggered by the immune system's messenger molecules may be a further important active principle, apart from apoptosis induced by chemotherapy."

At present the researchers in Professor Schmitt's group are focusing intensively on chemotherapy-mediated senescence. "If by inducing senescence we could obtain a sustained suppression of the cancer cells we can no longer destroy, this would mean exciting new possibilities for therapy," Professor Schmitt said.


Contact: Barbara Bachtler
Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres

Related biology news :

1. Preventing or reversing inflammation after heart attack, stroke may require 2-pronged approach
2. UAB study shows African-Americans have highest stroke rate, southerners more likely to die
3. Even small dietary reductions in salt could mean fewer heart attacks, strokes and deaths
4. New stroke therapy successful in rats
5. Study reveals how one form of natural vitamin E protects brain after stroke
6. Observation about how nervous system learns and encodes motion could improve stroke recovery
7. New understanding about mechanism for cell death after stroke leads to possible therapy
8. Top interventional radiologists, neurointerventionists explore stroke care through CLOTS
9. Beta-blockers and stroke -- new insights into their use for older people
10. Mouse brain rewires its neural circuits to recuperate from damaged neural function after stroke
11. Single gene defect can cause stroke, other artery diseases
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
2 at 1 stroke -- how cells protect themselves from cancer
(Date:11/18/2015)... New York , November 18, 2015 ... Market Research has published a new market report titled ... Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2015 - 2021. According to the ... in 2014 and is anticipated to reach US$29.1 bn ... to 2021. North America ...
(Date:11/17/2015)... PARIS , November 17, 2015 ... 17 au 19 novembre  2015.  --> Paris ... 2015.  --> DERMALOG, le leader de l,innovation ... à la fois passeports et empreintes sur la même ... pour les passeports et l,autre pour les empreintes digitales. ...
(Date:11/17/2015)... Pressure BioSciences, Inc. (OTCQB: PBIO) ("PBI" and ... of broadly enabling, pressure cycling technology ("PCT")-based sample preparation ... it has received gross proceeds of $745,000 from an ... "Offering"), increasing the total amount raised to date in ... are expected in the near future. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... Nov. 30, 2015  Aytu BioScience, Inc. (OTCQB: AYTU), ... related conditions, will present at two upcoming investor conferences. ... interactive real-time virtual conference, to be held December 3, ... to be held December 2 nd & 3 ... and streamed live via webcast. Josh ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... San Jose, CA (PRWEB) , ... ... ... the Content Intelligence Company, today announced tighter software integration with MarkLogic, the ... management where organizations maximize information to drive change. , Smartlogic’s Content Intelligence ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... Pittcon ... over 2,000 technical presentations offered in symposia, oral sessions, workshops, awards, and posters. ... a wide range of applications such as, but not limited to, biotechnology, biomedical, ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... PUNE, India , November 26, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... The Global Biobanking Market 2016 - 2020 ... biobanks by maintaining integrity and quality in long-term ... and enabling long-term cost-effectiveness. Automation minimizes manual errors ... improves the technical efficiency. Further, it plays a ...
Breaking Biology Technology: