Navigation Links
1 baby in every 46 born with a congenital anomaly says new report
Date:9/5/2013

The report [1] by researchers at Queen Mary University of London collates data from six regional registers [2], a national coverage of 36 per cent of the births in England and Wales. Examples of congenital anomalies include heart and lung defects, Down syndrome, neural tube defects such as spina bifida, and limb malformations such as club foot.

Funded by Public Health England (PHE), the study is the most up-to-date and comprehensive of its kind, bringing together existing data in England and Wales from 2007 to 2011. However, the editor of the report, Professor Joan Morris, from the Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, part of Queen Mary said: "We remain concerned that data for substantial parts of the country, including London, are not currently monitored, meaning large regional increases in congenital anomalies could go unnoticed and their causes not investigated. Currently there are no registers in London, the South East, the North West and East Anglia."

With formal responsibility for surveillance of congenital anomalies in England being met by PHE, there is an opportunity to expand the current system to the whole of England. Professor Elizabeth Draper from the University of Leicester, who is Chair of BINOCAR, commented: "This important report again highlights the value of the existing regional registers. We are working closely with PHE to establish regional registers in those areas not currently covered by a congenital anomaly register."

The number and types of congenital anomalies have been monitored since the thalidomide epidemic in the 1960s. Since the 1980s, regional registers have been established in some parts of the country to actively collect data from hospital, laboratories and health records. In the intervening years, lack of strategic funding coupled with a lack of support at national level has led to the closure of some of the regional registers. The creation of a stable system of funding for an entire surveillance network would make it possible to fulfil the potential that the existing registers offer for public health, service planning, clinical audit, outcomes monitoring, research and other purposes.

The main findings from today's report are:

  • 2.2% of babies had a congenital anomaly in England and Wales in 2011.
  • The prevalence of major congenital anomalies in England and Wales was higher than those in other European registers.
  • The researchers estimate that there were at least 16,000 babies born with congenital anomalies in England and Wales in 2011.
  • The most common anomalies were congenital heart defects, which affected at least six in 1,000 births. Some cases required major operations and around six per cent of babies born with a heart anomaly died before the age of one.
  • Neural tube defects, such as spina bifida, affected one in 1,000 babies; the use of folic acid supplements before becoming pregnant as well as in early pregnancy is known to reduce the risk of this defect.
  • Gastroschisis an anomaly where the intestines develop outside the abdomen affected one in 1,000 babies. Regional monitoring has shown that this condition has become more common in some areas including Wales and that babies born to younger mothers were at greater risk. Gastroschisis was more likely in England and Wales than in other European registers.
  • Over half of all major congenital anomalies were detected during pregnancy.
  • Mothers who were between 25 and 29 years of age had the lowest prevalence for all anomalies. The prevalence was higher in the under-20 age group and considerably higher in the 40 and over age group.
  • The target detection rates were achieved or exceeded for four out of the 11 Fetal Anomaly Screening Program (FASP) anomalies.


'/>"/>

Contact: Sarah Cox
s.cox@qmul.ac.uk
020-788-23004
Queen Mary, University of London
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. 100+ million mapped (and growing) records of nearly every living US species
2. What do American bullfrogs eat when theyre away from home? Practically everything!
3. Child marriages: 39,000 every day
4. Top 10 ways biotechnology could improve our everyday life
5. MBL scientists find bipolar marine bacteria, refuting everything is everywhere idea
6. New study reveals that every single junk food meal damages your arteries
7. Everyone in the pool! Water workouts just as good as on land
8. Big horns trump smooth pickup lines every time
9. Timing is everything
10. Water, water everywhere - but is it essential to life?
11. Size isnt everything -- its how sharp you are
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/5/2017)... 5, 2017 Today HYPR Corp. , ... server component of the HYPR platform is officially ... end-to-end security architecture that empowers biometric authentication across Fortune ... already secured over 15 million users across the financial ... connected home product suites and physical access represent a ...
(Date:4/4/2017)... 2017   EyeLock LLC , a leader of ... States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has issued U.S. ... of an iris image with a face image acquired ... company,s 45 th issued patent. ... given the multi-modal biometric capabilities that have recently come ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... 2017  On April 6-7, 2017, Sequencing.com will host ... hackathon at Microsoft,s headquarters in Redmond, ... on developing health and wellness apps that provide a ... Genome is the first hackathon for personal genomics ... companies in the genomics, tech and health industries are ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:8/16/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... August 16, 2017 , ... While art ... are much more closely connected than one might think. A Mesh Is Also ... open at the University City Science Center’s Esther Klein Gallery (EKG) on August 17 ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... , Aug. 16, 2017  This year,s edition of the Inc. ... in life sciences workforce solutions, has made the list for the third ... recognizes the nation,s fastest-growing private companies based on a set of quantitative ... which includes the fastest-growing companies in the Bay State ... Inc. 5000 ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... , ... August 15, 2017 , ... Kapstone Medical ... 10 years of successes helping medical technology companies and inventors develop and safeguard their ... renowned full-service national engineering firm with a portfolio of clients in the United States ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... August 15, 2017 , ... Any expert ... that has compromised these disciplines for more than half a century. Despite their ... counted. It is widely known that molecular tags developed for this purpose also ...
Breaking Biology Technology: