Navigation Links
Economic development not the only influence on personal car use, study finds
Date:7/18/2014

rs that influence the amount of personal automobile travel within a nation: car infrastructure, such as the quantity and quality of roads and parking; inexpensive fuel; pro-car policies, such as low vehicle taxes; a lack of alternatives to driving; having a population with a high proportion of working-age residents; the availability of domestic oil; the existence of a domestic car manufacturing industry; the geographic dispersion of a nation's population; and whether a society has a car culture.

For example, despite its many similarities to the United States, Australians drive less than Americans. This is largely caused by higher fuel prices, a smaller domestic car industry and the tendency of young adults in Australia to delay obtaining driver's licenses.

Japan has high personal income per capita, but also a long history of limited road infrastructure and no domestic oil supplies. Current policies in Japan make it very expensive to own a car, with high vehicle taxes and a periodic vehicle inspection that is difficult for older cars to pass.

Ecola and her colleagues drew three broader public policy implications from their research. First, income is not destiny. Most research in the area of long-range forecasting of personal automobile travel has used income as the primary or only variable. While there is a strong correlation between income growth and growth in vehicle travel, income levels alone are not good predictors of travel demand.

Secondly, Ecola said while economic growth can help understand demand for auto travel over time within one country, it is less helpful for understanding differences in demand across several nations.

Finally, among the nine factors that influence mobility, the study suggests that spatial dispersion of the population and car infrastructure are the most important. However, demand also is significantly influenced by transportation policies that keep fuel more expensive than the market price
'/>"/>

Contact: Lisa Sodders
media@rand.org
310-451-6913
RAND Corporation
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. A region and pathway found crucial for facial development in vertebrate embryos
2. New UK study helps scientists understand melanoma development
3. Flower development in 3D: Timing is the key
4. Marshall University to partner with international company in drug development venture
5. NIH study reveals gene critical to the early development of cilia
6. Scientists identify link between stem cell regulation and the development of lung cancer
7. Protein anchors help keep embryonic development just right
8. Infant nutrition and development of type 1 diabetes
9. RHM announces publication latest issue: Population, environment & sustainable development
10. American Aging Association Meeting presents latest developments in aging research
11. Newly identified brain cancer mutation will aid drug development
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/18/2014)... nitrogen comprise all spheres of our planet. Manifold ... imbalances and perturbations that resulted in increases of ... in climate changes which influence the complex biogeochemical ... Understanding these feedback mechanisms has become an important ... the past three decades. , In parallel, a ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... of the fish world, are the ideal animal in ... They,ve moved from the ocean into tens of thousands ... time changing their skeleton to adapt to the new ... of sticklebacks now have turned up one of the ... simple change in that gene,s regulation in a freshwater ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... their entire lives nestling in the protective tentacles of ... they sometimes travel hundreds of kilometres across the open ... fish has been predicted, this is the first time ... populations has been observed. , Dr Steve Simpson, Senior ... University of Exeter, and colleagues from the Australian Research ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Greenhouse gas research enters a new era 2Counting fish teeth reveals regulatory DNA changes behind rapid evolution, adaptation 2Counting fish teeth reveals regulatory DNA changes behind rapid evolution, adaptation 3Expedition finds Nemo can travel great distances to connect populations 2Expedition finds Nemo can travel great distances to connect populations 3
... originally enhanced robotics and sounding rockets is now aiding ... or traumatic brain injuries, at Walter Reed Army Medical ... device named SAM, for the Secure Ambulation Mode, is ... Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md. , ...
... study reveals how the production of a potent immune ... killer (NK) cells, immune cells that typically defend the ... by NK cells and other cell types, plays a ... against tumor cells. However, overproduction of IFNg is also ...
... with foodborne disease outbreaks can still be a source ... be aware of this possibility and on guard, say ... the American Society for Microbiology (ASM) in Orlando, Florida. "The ... in non-potentially hazardous foods the more we are beginning ...
Cached Biology News:NASA technology helping injured US troops 2NASA technology helping injured US troops 3Research reveals control of potent immune regulator 2Despite acidity, orange juice could still be a source of foodborne disease 2
(Date:9/20/2014)... 2014 HealthTronics, Inc. , ... radiology products and services, has signed a distribution ... Clinicon Corporation for its high precision laser ... minimally invasive, mobile, surgical technology—offering more choices for ... agreement, HealthTronics will make available Clinicon’s FDA-cleared SureLase™ ...
(Date:9/19/2014)... crop yields to disease risks, the biological characteristics people ... Just as for heightthe textbook example of a complex ... shaped by multiple genetic and environmental influences, making it ... such genes, geneticists typically mate two individuals that differ ... small mouseand then study their descendents, looking for genes ...
(Date:9/19/2014)... (PRWEB) September 19, 2014 ... its potential to revolutionize the world has attracted ... corporations and small start-ups. The early years of ... projects largely due to the high risks involved, ... budgets earmarked for this evolving technology have been ...
(Date:9/19/2014)... 2014  Nektar Therapeutics (NASDAQ: NKTR ... the analgesic profiles of a series of the ... molecules. The preclinical research candidates were created using ... The analgesic properties of kappa receptor agonism ... Kappa opioid receptors are expressed in the ...
Breaking Biology Technology:HealthTronics Announces Distribution Agreement with Clinicon-Laser Surgical Device Expands Minimally Invasive, Mobile Technology Portfolio 2HealthTronics Announces Distribution Agreement with Clinicon-Laser Surgical Device Expands Minimally Invasive, Mobile Technology Portfolio 3Want to link genes to complex traits? Start with more diversity 2Growing R&D Investments & Developments in Nanomaterials to Drive the Global Nanotechnology Market, According to New Report by Global Industry Analysts, Inc. 2Growing R&D Investments & Developments in Nanomaterials to Drive the Global Nanotechnology Market, According to New Report by Global Industry Analysts, Inc. 3Growing R&D Investments & Developments in Nanomaterials to Drive the Global Nanotechnology Market, According to New Report by Global Industry Analysts, Inc. 4Nektar Presents Positive Preclinical Data on Oral, Peripherally-Acting Kappa Agonist Molecules at 2014 American Academy of Pain Management Meeting 2Nektar Presents Positive Preclinical Data on Oral, Peripherally-Acting Kappa Agonist Molecules at 2014 American Academy of Pain Management Meeting 3Nektar Presents Positive Preclinical Data on Oral, Peripherally-Acting Kappa Agonist Molecules at 2014 American Academy of Pain Management Meeting 4Nektar Presents Positive Preclinical Data on Oral, Peripherally-Acting Kappa Agonist Molecules at 2014 American Academy of Pain Management Meeting 5
... BILTHOVEN, The Netherlands, January 22 Progentix,Orthobiology B.V. ... financing,Round. The round was led by BioGeneration Ventures., ... and develops a,unique suite of osteoinductive material products ... graft material is based on,surface structured ceramic biomaterial ...
... Venture,Capital Advisory Task Force reported in its inaugural 2006 ... and attract over $1.2 billion,in venture capital by 2011 ... in Northeast Ohio. According to the findings from the ... to be,released in print mid February, Northeast Ohio has ...
... through the nation,s top-10 GPOs(1), IRVINE, ... Pulse CO-Oximetry and Read-Through Motion and Low ... a three-year supplier agreement,with HealthTrust Purchasing Group ... care hospitals, ambulatory surgery,centers, alternate care sites ...
Cached Biology Technology:Progentix Orthobiology B.V. Closes Series A Financing Round 2Cleveland+ Region Attracts $318 Million in New Venture Investment in 2007 2Cleveland+ Region Attracts $318 Million in New Venture Investment in 2007 3Cleveland+ Region Attracts $318 Million in New Venture Investment in 2007 4Cleveland+ Region Attracts $318 Million in New Venture Investment in 2007 5Masimo Awarded Multi-Year Pulse Oximetry Agreement with HealthTrust Purchasing Group 2Masimo Awarded Multi-Year Pulse Oximetry Agreement with HealthTrust Purchasing Group 3Masimo Awarded Multi-Year Pulse Oximetry Agreement with HealthTrust Purchasing Group 4
... Serum • Mouse serum is collected off the clot ... weeks of age. Available Anticoagulants: N-02: ... K2EDTA N-08: Potassium Oxalate N-10: ... ACD N-07: CPD N-09: ...
Recombinant Mouse Wnt-3a...
Contains 100 positive controls for effective screening of HDAC inhibitors by fluorometric method....
... 20 structurally and functionally related BMPs, which ... were originally identified as protein regulators of ... involved in embryogenesis and morphogenesis of various ... differentiation, chemotaxis and apoptosis of various cell ...
Biology Products: