Extracting drinking water from the sea to prepare for a world parched by climate change, and re-imagining aeroplane and ship hull designs for the best fuel efficiency, are two of the visionary applications of a new 2.4 million research project announced today (Friday 15 October) at the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, Scotland.
Professor Jason Reese of the University's Faculty of Engineering has been awarded the grant by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), alongside support worth 720,000 from nine industrial partners, to lead research investigating how engineering flow systems can help respond to global health, transportation, energy and climate challenges over the next 40 years.
The United Nations estimates that by 2050, four billion people in 48 countries will lack sufficient water. As 97 percent of the water on the planet is saltwater, large-scale technologies to make seawater or other contaminated water drinkable are therefore needed urgently.
At the same time, figures from the US Energy Information Administration forecast that China's passenger transportation energy use per capita will triple over the next 20 years, and India's will double. Improving the fuel efficiency of air and marine transport is a strategic priority for governments and companies around the world, and would reduce the emissions that lead to climate change.
The cross-disciplinary team includes Professor Reese from the University of Strathclyde, Dr Duncan Lockerby from the University of Warwick, and Professor David Emerson from Daresbury Laboratory in Warrington. The team will deliver new techniques for simulating fluid dynamics at the micro and nano scales a critical area of research to enable the development of visionary technologies.
Professor Reese said: "Micro and nano scale engineering presents a surprising but important opportunity to help meet pressing global challenges. This means developing working
|Contact: Kat Hannah|
University of Strathclyde