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Thylakoid


A thylakoid is part of an internal membrane system of chloroplasts folded repeatedly into a stack of disks called grana. It contains chlorophyll, which power the formation of NADPH from NADP+ and H+, and enzymes required to form ATP, NADPH, or both in photosynthesis. The stacks connect by membranous channels as a single functional compartment.

The molecular mechanism of ATP generation in chloroplasts is similar to that in mitochondria.


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