Navigation Links
Operon


An operon is a group of genes including an operator, a common promoter, and one or more structural genes that are controlled as a unit to produce messenger RNA (mRNA). Operons occur primarily in prokaryotes and nematodes. They were first described by Franois Jacob and Jacques Monod in 1961.

The operon as a unit of transcription

An operon is a unit of transcription consisting of one or more structural genes, and two associated segments of DNA:

  • an operator (the switch)
  • a promoter (a binding site for the transcription enzyme).

The switch of an operon (that is, the "operator") is turned on unless a specific substance is bound to the operator. This substance is therefore called a repressor.

In summary:

  • The "operator" is a DNA binding site for a repressor;
  • transcription of the structural genes takes place unless a repressor is bound to the operator.

See also


'"/>


(Date:1/12/2017)... DIEGO , Jan. 12, 2017  Trovagene, Inc. ... tumor DNA (ctDNA) technologies, today announced that it has ... Europe and the Middle East ... tests.  This milestone marks the first wave of international ... for urine and blood samples. The initial ...
(Date:1/11/2017)... -- Michael Johnson, co-founder of Visikol Inc. a company originally funded with ... to the elite "Forbes 30 Under 30" list in the Science ... 20 fields nationwide to be recognized as a leader in business ... ... a PhD candidate at Rutgers University. Visikol ...
(Date:1/4/2017)... of attendees at this year,s International Consumer Electronics Show (CES), A&D ... and services, will be featuring its new line of ULTRA CONNECT ... CES Exhibit Suite , the new upper arm and wrist smart blood ... product platform.  Continue Reading ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
Other biology definition