Navigation Links
Mycology


Mycology is the study of fungi, their genetic and biochemical properties, their taxonomy, and their use to humans as a source for medicinals (see penicillin) and food (beer, wine, cheese, edible mushrooms), as well as their dangers, such as poisoning or infection. Mycology is closely related to phytopathology: the study of plant diseases. Historically, mycology was a branch of Botany (despite fungi not being plants and being evolutionarily more closely related to animals than plants). Pioneer mycologists were Elias Magnus Fries, Christian Hendrik Persoon, and Anton de Bary.

Today, the most comprehensively studied and understood fungi are the yeasts and eukaryotic model organisms Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyces pombe.

Many fungi produce toxins, antibiotics, and other secondary metabolites. For example, the cosmopolitian (worldwide) genus Fusarium and their toxins associated with fatal outbreaks of alimentary toxic aleukia in humans were extensively studied by Abraham Joffe . Also, fungi are fundamental for life on earth in their roles as symbionts, e.g. in the form of mycorrhizae, insect symbionts and lichens as well as their potency in breaking down complex organic biomolecules such as wood as well as xenobiotics are a critical step in the global carbon cycle.

Fungi and other organisms traditionally recognized as fungal often are economically and socially important as they are responsible for diseases of animals as well as plants like Potato blight (actually, an oomycete).

Field expeditions to find interesting types of fungi (often edible mushrooms) are known as mushroom forays , and are typically led by an expert mycologist.

See also

External links


'"/>


(Date:8/20/2014)... Feng has built upon a National Science Foundation (NSF) ... program, and synergistically complemented it with subsequent collaborative grants, ... on "big computing" for mini-drones and a $1 million ... on "big data" for the life sciences. , As ... grant, he was able to tell a much larger, ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... When a colony of honeybees grows to about 4,000 ... reproductive cycle: the building of a special type of ... team of experts from the Department of Neurobiology and ... what starts the reproductive cycle of honeybee colonies. The ... The Science of Nature . , Reproduction isn,t ...
(Date:8/20/2014)...  The second annual Biometrics UnPlugged Executive Summit, ... Florida on September 15, 2014, will ... and Strategy at Samsung, and Philippe de Raet, Vice ... this year,s event is Mobility at the Crossroads ... UnPlugged: Mobility at the Crossroads of Commerce & ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):The internet was delivered to the masses; parallel computing is not far behind 2The internet was delivered to the masses; parallel computing is not far behind 3The internet was delivered to the masses; parallel computing is not far behind 4Worker bees 'know' when to invest in their reproductive future 2Biometrics UnPlugged: Mobility at the Crossroads of Commerce & Privacy to Feature Interactive Sessions with Samsung and Experian 2
... EAST LANSING, Mich. Nitrous oxide, a potent greenhouse gas, ... century, and nitrogen in waterways is fueling part of that ... on this new study, the role of rivers and streams ... appears to be twice as high as estimated by the ...
... Christmas, BYU nutritionists are squeezing all the healthy compounds out ... their age-old health benefits. , The popular stocking stuffer is ... wanted to learn why a whole orange is better for ... of the research could be a super-supplement that captures the ...
... Fast-moving objects create blurry images in photography, and the ... tissues constantly in motion, such as the breathing lung. ... developed a method to stabilize living lung tissue for ... The method allowed the team to observe, for the ...
Cached Biology News:Waterways contribute to growth of potent greenhouse gas 2The orange in your stocking: researchers squeezing out maximum health benefits 2New imaging advance illuminates immune response in breathing lung 2New imaging advance illuminates immune response in breathing lung 3
Other biology definitionOther Tags