Navigation Links
Molecular genetics


Molecular genetics is the field of biology which studies the structure and function of genes at a molecular level. Molecular genetics employs the methods of genetics and molecular biology. It is so-called to differentiate it from other sub fields of genetics such as ecological genetics and population genetics. An important area within molecular genetics is the use of molecular information to determine the patterns of descent, and therefore the correct scientific classification or organisms: this is called molecular systematics.

Contents

Forward genetics

One of the first tools available to molecular geneticists is the forward genetic screen. The aim of this technique is to identify mutations that produce a certain phenotype. A mutagen is very often used to accelerate this process. Once mutants have been isolated, the mutated gene can be molecularly identified.

Reverse genetics

Main article: Reverse genetics

While forward genetic screens are productive, a more straightforward approach would be to determine the phenotype that results from mutating a given gene. This is called reverse genetics. In some organisms, such as yeast and mice, it is possible to induce the deletion of a particular gene, creating a gene knockout. Alternatives include the random induction of DNA deletions and subsequent selection for deletions in a gene of interest, the application of RNA interference and the creation of transgenic organisms that overexpress a gene of interest.

Related topics

external links


'"/>


(Date:12/22/2016)... December 22, 2016 SuperCom (NASDAQ: ... solutions for the e-Government, Public Safety, HealthCare, and Finance sectors announced ... has been selected to implement and deploy a community-based supportive services ... Northern California , further expanding its presence in the state. ... This new program, ...
(Date:12/16/2016)... , Dec. 16, 2016   IdentyTechSolutions America ... management products and solutions and a cutting-edge manufacturer ... that it is offering seamless, integrated solutions that ... entrance products. The solutions provide IdentyTech,s customers with ... their facilities from crime and theft. ...
(Date:12/15/2016)... Dec. 15, 2016   WaferGen Bio-systems, Inc. ... technology company, announced today that on December 13, 2016, ... of The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC which acknowledged that, ... of WaferGen,s common stock had been at $1.00 or ... regained compliance with Listing Rule 5550(a)(2) of the Nasdaq ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
Other biology definition