Navigation Links
Free energy

In thermodynamics, free energy is a measure of the amount of work that can be extracted from a system. In this sense, it measures not the energy content of the system, but the "useful energy" content.

In different situations, free energy is related to internal energy in different ways. For instance, in chemistry one is usually concerned with fluid systems at constant temperature, undergoing chemical reaction in closed containers (at constant volume) or in open containers (at constant pressure). In the first case one would use the Helmholtz free energy as a measure of available work, and in the second one would use the Gibbs free energy. Physicists carry out more abstract analysis of systems which are not necessarily fluid. In that context, the Helmholtz free energy is more common, and it is also directly related to the partition function of a canonical ensemble in statistical mechanics. In the isothermal-isobaric ensemble, the partition function is related to the Gibbs free energy. For this reason, there is some confusion in terminology, which we disentangle below.

The usage in physics and chemistry is as follows:


(Date:11/20/2015)... -- NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" or the "Company"), ... commerce market and creator of the Wocket® smart wallet, ... interviewed on The RedChip Money Report television ... Bloomberg Europe , Bloomberg Asia, Bloomberg Australia, and ... ) ("NXT-ID" or the "Company"), a biometric authentication company ...
(Date:11/19/2015)... , Nov. 19, 2015  Based on its in-depth ... Sullivan recognizes BIO-key with the 2015 Global Frost & ... Frost & Sullivan presents this award to the company ... to the needs of the market it serves. The ... meets and expands on customer base demands, the overall ...
(Date:11/19/2015)...  Although some 350 companies are actively involved in ... companies, according to Kalorama Information. These include Roche Diagnostics, Hologic, ... share of the 6.1 billion-dollar molecular testing market, according ... Molecular Diagnostic s .    ... by one company and only a handful of companies ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
Other biology definition