Navigation Links
Evolutionary biology


Evolutionary biology is a subfield of biology concerned with the origin and descent of species, as well as their change over time, i.e. their evolution. One who studies evolutionary biology is known as an evolutionary biologist, or less frequently evolutionist.

Evolutionary biology is something of a meta field because it includes scientists from many traditional taxonomically-oriented disciplines. For example, it generally includes scientists who may have a specialist training in particular organisms such as mammalogy, ornithology, or herpetology but use those organisms as systems to answer general questions in evolution. It also generally includes paleontogists who use fossils to answer questions about the mode and tempo of evolution, as well as theoreticians in areas such as population genetics and evolutionary theory. In the 1990s developmental biology made a re-entry into evolutionary biology from its initial exclusion from the modern synthesis through the study of evolutionary developmental biology.

Contents

History

Main article: History of evolutionary thought

Evolutionary biology as an academic discipline in its own right emerged as a result of the modern evolutionary synthesis in the 1930s and 1940s. It was not until the 1970s and 1980s, however, that a significant number of universities had departments that specifically included the term evolutionary biology in their titles. In the United States, as a result of the rapid growth of molecular and cell biology, many universities have split (or aggregated) their biology departments into molecular and cell biology-style departments and ecology and evolutionary biology-style departments (which often have subsumed older departments in paleontology, zoology and the like).

Microbiology has recently developed into an evolutionary discipline. It was originally ignored due to the paucity of morphological traits and the lack of a species concept in microbiology. Now, evolutionary researchers are taking advantage our extensive understanding of microbial physiology, the ease of microbial genomics, and the quick generation time of some microbes to answer evolutionary questions. Similar features have led to progress in viral evolution, particularly for bacteriophage.

Notable evolutionary biologists

Notable contributors to evolutionary biology include:

Notable popularizers of evolution whose research isn't primarily concerned with evolutionary biology include:

Bibliography

Textbooks

Notable monographs and other works

(only author, date of publication and title listed here, see the article for publication details)

Topics in evolutionary biology



'"/>


(Date:10/16/2014)... Northridge, Calif. (October 16, 2014) – Post-menopausal women ... effect on hormone levels or genital bleeding, after ... of an investigational fermented soy germ-based nutritional supplement ... according to a new peer-reviewed pilot study reported ... Society (NAMS) annual scientific meeting. , "These ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... Gauß-Allianz has admitted Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) ... science hub continues to maintain a significant nationwide ... , "The acceptance of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz ... a milestone in the national and international competition ... state of Rhineland-Palatinate can be proud that Mainz ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... 15, 2014   Neurotechnology , a provider ... availability of the VeriLook Surveillance 3.0 software ... real-time biometric face identification using live video streams ... The new version not only identifies faces in ... objects while they are moving through the video ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):S-equol supplements associated with improved measures of reproductive health in postmenopausal women 2Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz joins Germany's Gauss-Allianz as a full member 2Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz joins Germany's Gauss-Allianz as a full member 3VeriLook Surveillance 3.0 SDK Identifies Faces and Moving Objects, Differentiates Pedestrians from Other Moving Objects in Video Surveillance Systems 2VeriLook Surveillance 3.0 SDK Identifies Faces and Moving Objects, Differentiates Pedestrians from Other Moving Objects in Video Surveillance Systems 3
... researchers from the National Institute of Standards and ... of Maryland has made nano-sized sensors that detect ... pesticides and other productsthat offer several advantages over ... and the ability to detect one or several ...
... and freshwater cichlids in the western branch of the ... surroundinga thriving ecosystem around Lake Kivu. Natural hazards ... borders Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo have ... highland forests for fuel use and subsistence farming has ...
... TOBAGOFlower color in plants is determined by pigments such ... the ultimate color displayed is dependent not only on ... cell shape, presence of metal ions, and pH, among ... color has allowed plant geneticists to engineer new hues, ...
Cached Biology News:Nanowire-based sensors offer improved detection of volatile organic compounds 2Benchmarking a slice of Africa; preserving biodiversity through science 2Benchmarking a slice of Africa; preserving biodiversity through science 3Benchmarking a slice of Africa; preserving biodiversity through science 4Benchmarking a slice of Africa; preserving biodiversity through science 5Engineering blue-hued flowers 2
Other biology definitionOther Tags