Navigation Links
Albumin


You may be looking for albumen, or egg white.

Albumin is a blood plasma protein that is produced in the liver and forms a large proportion of all plasma protein. It is also found in egg white.

The normal range of albumin concentrations in human blood is 3.5 to 5.0 g/dL, and albumin normally constitutes about 60% of plasma protein; all other proteins present in blood plasma are referred to collectively as globulin. Albumin is essential for maintaining the oncotic pressure needed for proper distribution of body fluids between intravascular compartments and body tissues. Albumin is negatively charged. The glomerular basement membrane is also negatively charged, this prevents the filtration of albumin in the urine. In nephrotic syndrome, this property is lost, and there is more albumin loss in the urine.

Because smaller animals (for example rats) function at a lower blood pressure, they need less oncotic pressure to balance this, and thus need less albumin to maintain proper fluid distribution.

Functions of albumin:

  • Maintains oncotic pressure
  • Transports thyroid hormones
  • Transports other hormones, particularly fat soluble ones
  • Transports fatty acids ("free" fatty acids)
  • Transports unconjugated bilirubin
  • Transports many drugs
  • Competitively binds calcium ions (Ca2+)
  • Buffers pH

Causes of albumin deficiency:

  • Cirrhosis of the liver (most commonly)
  • Decreased production (as in starvation)
  • Excess excretion by the kidneys (as in nephrotic syndrome)
  • Excess loss in bowel (protein losing enteropathy)
  • Mutation causing albuminemia (very rare)

Links


'"/>


(Date:7/9/2015)... Calif. , July 9, 2015  Synaptics Inc. (NASDAQ: ... solutions, announced today that it will report financial results ... Thursday, July 30, 2015 after the close of market. ... analysts and investors at 2:00 p.m. PT (5:00 p.m. ... To participate on the live call, analysts ...
(Date:7/8/2015)... NEW YORK , July 8, 2015  BD ... announced BD & Guidepoint Mentor, a new ... to Guidepoint,s expert network services. BD ... technologies to improve healthcare delivery and outcomes and, with ... start-up entrepreneur will be able to directly engage with ...
(Date:7/7/2015)... -- NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" or the "Company") ... announces a revised version of one of its first 30 second ... CNBC in New York , Chicago ... San Francisco metro areas.    , , ... replace all the cards in your wallet and keep your identity ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Synaptics to Report Fourth Quarter, Fiscal Year 2015 Results on July 30 2BD and Guidepoint Team to Connect Healthcare Start-up Companies With Business and Scientific Experts 2BD and Guidepoint Team to Connect Healthcare Start-up Companies With Business and Scientific Experts 3Wocket Smart Wallet Commercials Airing on CNBC to Showcase This Summer's Must- Have Tech Product 2Wocket Smart Wallet Commercials Airing on CNBC to Showcase This Summer's Must- Have Tech Product 3
... and people, the time it takes to diagnose an infection ... veterinarian is identifying ways to diagnose pet infections in approximately ... could be used eventually for humans. "Infections can be ... to a lab and wait three days or more as ...
... neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson,s and Alzheimer,s, cancer and ... partially caused or accelerated by oxidative stress. Oxidative stress ... what are called reactive oxygen species (ROS). "However, up ... changes in a living organism and certainly not how ...
... Humans ate sourdough bread in ancient times and ... some countries and regions. Now Baltic scientists have reinvented ... industry during a three-year long EUREKA project. Many ... from the French baguette through to the Italian ciabatta ...
Cached Biology News:Oxidative stress: Less harmful than suspected? 2Old recipe making a come back 2Old recipe making a come back 3
Other biology definitionOther Tags