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Chromosome


A chromosome is an organized structure of DNA and protein that is found in cells. It is a single piece of coiled DNA containing many genes, regulatory elements and other nucleotide sequences. Chromosomes also contain...
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chromosome ( ) n. A threadlike linear strand of DNA and associated proteins in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells that carries the genes and functions in
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X-chromosome or X chromosome ( ) n. The sex chromosome associated with female characteristics in mammals, occurring paired in the female and single in
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The X chromosome was named for its unique properties by early researchers, and ... Identifying genes on each chromosome is an active area of genetic research. ...
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Each chromosome is made up of DNA tightly coiled many times around proteins ... Each chromosome has a constriction point called the centromere, which divides ...
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Chromosome 9 is made up of about 140 million DNA building ... Genes on chromosome 9 are among the estimated 20,000 to 25,000 total genes in the human genome. ...
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Chromosome, microscopic structure within cells that carries the molecule deoxyribonucleic acid DNA—the hereditary material that influences the...
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The structure of the chromosome consist of two long strands of Deoxyribonucleic ... In a eukaryotic cell the chromosome is contained within the organelle known ...
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Chromosome summary with 98 pages of encyclopedia entries, essays, summaries, research information, and more. ... or prokaryotic chromosome differs in many ...
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Eukaryotic Chromosome Structure ... shortest human chromosome contains 4.6 x ... In its most condensed state during mitosis, the chromosome is about 2 µm long. ...
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(The other is the X chromosome.) It is a part of the XY sex-determination system. ... The human Y chromosome contains only 78 genes, which in turn code for ...
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A single-source launchpad to information about each human chromosome. ... Chromosome: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 X Y ...
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A chromosome (in Greek chroma = colour and soma = body) is, minimally, a very ... Each chromosome has one centromere, with one or two arms projecting from the ...
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Encyclopedia article about chromosome. Information about chromosome in the Columbia Encyclopedia, Computer Desktop Encyclopedia, computing dictionary. chromosome 5, ...
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In hindsight, it seems surprising that the number of human chromosomes was not determined until 1956. After all, cytologists had been studying chromosome behavior ...
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Information about chromosome in the free online English dictionary and ... chromatid - one of two identical strands into which a chromosome splits during mitosis ...
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News release issued by the Human Genome Project in December 1999 to announce the first successful sequencing of a human chromosome - chromosome 22.
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Fact sheet on chromosome microdissection, published by the National Human Genome Research Institute. ... Fact Sheets Chromosome Microdissection Fact Sheet ...
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What Exactly is a chromosome? ... The term "Chromosome", however was first used by Waldeyer in 1888. They were given the name chromosome (Chromo = colour; Soma ...
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