Navigation Links
Mycology


Mycology is the study of fungi, their genetic and biochemical properties, their taxonomy, and their use to humans as a source for medicinals (see penicillin) and food (beer, wine, cheese, edible mushrooms), as well as their dangers, such as poisoning or infection. Mycology is closely related to phytopathology: the study of plant diseases. Historically, mycology was a branch of Botany (despite fungi not being plants and being evolutionarily more closely related to animals than plants). Pioneer mycologists were Elias Magnus Fries, Christian Hendrik Persoon, and Anton de Bary.

Today, the most comprehensively studied and understood fungi are the yeasts and eukaryotic model organisms Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyces pombe.

Many fungi produce toxins, antibiotics, and other secondary metabolites. For example, the cosmopolitian (worldwide) genus Fusarium and their toxins associated with fatal outbreaks of alimentary toxic aleukia in humans were extensively studied by Abraham Joffe . Also, fungi are fundamental for life on earth in their roles as symbionts, e.g. in the form of mycorrhizae, insect symbionts and lichens as well as their potency in breaking down complex organic biomolecules such as wood as well as xenobiotics are a critical step in the global carbon cycle.

Fungi and other organisms traditionally recognized as fungal often are economically and socially important as they are responsible for diseases of animals as well as plants like Potato blight (actually, an oomycete).

Field expeditions to find interesting types of fungi (often edible mushrooms) are known as mushroom forays , and are typically led by an expert mycologist.

See also

External links


'"/>


(Date:7/14/2014)... oxygen control insect body size? What influence does genetics have ... of Current Opinion in Insect Science launched ... Current Opinion in Insect Science is the latest ... review journal that aims to provide specialists with a unique ... published in the field of insect science. First articles published ...
(Date:7/14/2014)... with roots in the local environment manage much better ... from foreign environments. , A world without bees ... Denmark alone an additional 600 million to 1 billion ... done by bees making honey and pollinating a wide ... , Unfortunately, bees all over the world are under ...
(Date:7/14/2014)... genes that improved the harvesting of sunlight, a new ... genomes reveals. The findings could help current efforts to ... a ,genetic snapshot, of maize as it existed 10 ... of its genome a ,whole genome duplication, event. ... ,copied, genes to cope with the pressures of domestication, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Best for bees to be stay-at-homes 2A-maize-ing double life of a genome 2
... gases and increase production at the same time has been ... Industries' (DPI) Wollongbar Agricultural Institute. , Trials of agrichar - ... and the environment - have doubled and, in one case, ... tonnes per hectare. , Agrichar is a black ...
... tiger now occupies a mere 7 percent of its historic ... has declined by 41 percent over the past decade, according ... BioScience. Growing trade in folk medicines made from tiger parts ... believed to be the chief reason for the losses. The ...
... long been clear that smoking causes cancer, but new research ... who smokes. , Canadian researchers have demonstrated in ... of sperm cells, alterations that could potentially be inherited by ... June 1 issue of Cancer Research, a journal of the ...
Cached Biology News:Soils offer new hope as carbon sink 2Soils offer new hope as carbon sink 3Threats to wild tigers growing 2Cigarette smoke alters DNA in sperm, genetic damage could pass to offspring 2
Other biology definitionOther Tags