Navigation Links
Dendrite


For the crystal, see Dendrite (crystal).

In biology, a dendrite is a slender, typically branched projection of a nerve cell, or "neuron," which conducts the electrical stimulation received from other cells to the body or soma of the cell from which it projects. This stimulation arrives through synapses, which typically are located near the tips of the dendrites and away from the soma.

Dendrites were once believed to merely convey stimulation passively, without action potentials and without activation of voltage-gated ion channels. In such dendrites the voltage change that results from stimulation at a synapse may extend both towards and away from the soma. In other dendrites, voltage-gated channels help propagate excitatory synaptic stimulation whether or not an action potential is present. This propagation is efficient only toward the soma due to an uneven distribution of channels along such dendrites.

Scientists have shown that action potentials do propagate back into the dendrites once initiated in the axon in most neurons. This backpropagating action potential is mediated by the activation of voltage-gated ion channels and can interact with synaptic input to alter the synaptic activity.

The structure and branching of a neuron's dendrites strongly influences how it integrates the input from many others, particularly those that input only weakly (more at synapse). This integration is in aspects "temporal" -- involving the summation of stimuli that arrive in rapid succession -- as well as "spatial" -- entailing the aggregation of excitatory and inhibitory inputs from separate branches or "arbors."

The term "dendrite" comes from the Greek word dendron, meaning "tree".

Compare: axon

See also: dendritic spine


'"/>


(Date:10/15/2014)... a non-traditional biophysics textbook and it describes how life ... of discovery into biological systems and provides an understanding ... is about how our genes make proteins that control ... cells in an organism. It quantifies the principles of ... be found on both large and small scales. The ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... , Oct. 15, 2014 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... authentication company focused on the growing mobile commerce market releases photos ... in Times Square on Monday October 13 th . ... David Tunnel and angel investor Mr. Chad A. ... , CEO of NXT-ID thanked his investors and employees "for their ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... new study published in Cancer Research shows ... and colon cancers—can promote the development of skin cancers ... and survival of sun-damaged skin cells. , Previously considered ... proteins called sirtuins that help regulate genomic stability and ... SIRT6 helps repair DNA damage, which can lead to ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):New book about life as seen from physics 2Photo Release: NXT-ID Inc. Rings Opening Bell of the NASDAQ Stock Market October 13th 2Photo Release: NXT-ID Inc. Rings Opening Bell of the NASDAQ Stock Market October 13th 3Two-faced gene: SIRT6 prevents some cancers but promotes sun-induced skin cancer 2
... Whether it's rice farming or rice research, very few of ... career in an industry that has been a foundation of ... want their children to be rice farmers, and even fewer ... vital importance to the region. , However, an innovative ...
... sound like Saturday cartoons: a strong-boned rat that can't ... the real hero is citrus juice. , Orange and ... long considered an unavoidable aging disease in which bones ... by Texas A&M University's Vegetable and Fruit Improvement Center ...
... more than 25 million people in sub-Saharan Africa, according ... a vaccine against the virus have achieved limited success. ... infection found widely in that region of Africa ?chancroid ... of HIV as much as 10-fold? , That may ...
Cached Biology News:A rice future for Asia 2Orange, grapefruit juice for breakfast builds bones in rats 2Vaccine shown effective against chancroid 2Vaccine shown effective against chancroid 3
Other biology definitionOther Tags