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Autosome


An autosome is a non-sex chromosome. It is an ordinary paired chromosome that is the same in both sexes of a species. For example, in humans, there are 22 pairs of autosomes. The X and Y chromosomes are not autosomal.

Non-autosomal chromosomes are usually referred to as sex chromosomes or, less frequently, as gonosomes.

Uses

An autosomal dominant gene is one on an autosome and is always expressed, even if a single copy exists. The chance is 1:2 for passing this gene to offspring.


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