Navigation Links
Anton van Leeuwenhoek


Anton van Leeuwenhoek

Anton van Leeuwenhoek (October 24, 1632 - August 26, 1723) was a tradesman and scientist from Delft, in the Netherlands. He is best known for his contribution to improvement of the microscope and his contributions towards the establishment of cell biology. Using his handcrafted microscope he was the first to observe and describe muscle fibres, bacteria, spermatozoa and blood flow in capillaries (small blood vessels).

His name at birth was Thonis Philipszoon. His letters were signed Antoni van Leeuwenhoek. He was probably known as van Leeuwenhoek from a young age because he was born in a house at the corner of Lion's Gate in Delft. Van Leeuwenhoek translates as "from lion's corner".

Van Leeuwenhoek ground over 500 optical lenses during his lifetime. His microscope was used and improved by Christiaan Huygens for his own investigations into microscopy. He was introduced to microscopy by Huygens to observe the quality of the fabrics that he sold. From there, he grew an insatiable interest for the field. He spent his nights studying everything he could and carefully noted his observations. Unfortunately, he only spoke Dutch while the scientific language of the time was Latin. He wrote to Robert Hooke who knew both Dutch and Latin, and Hooke instantly realized the quality and pertinence of Leeuwenhoek's work. Their correspondence was translated by Hooke into Latin and published in the proceedings of the Royal Society.

"No more pleasant sight has met my eye than this of so many thousands of living creatures in one small drop of water..." - Stated after his discovery of the microscopic world over three centuries ago.

He is thought by some to have been the model for Vermeer's painting The Geographer (Stadelsches Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt-am-Main). Vermeer and van Leeuwenhoek were baptised the same month, in the same church. After Vermeer died, van Leeuwenhoek was appointed curator for the financial affairs of Vermeer's widow. This has led some people to believe that the two must have been friends, even though acting as a curator was part of van Leeuwenhoek's job as a chamberlain of Delft.

Van Leeuwenhoek appeared on an unused design for a 10 guilder note done by M.C. Escher in 1951.

The Dutch Royal Academy presents (every 10 years) the Leeuwenhoek medal to the scientist judged to have made the decade's most significant finding in microbiology. This is regarded by microbiologists as the highest honor in their field.

External links


'"/>


(Date:9/18/2014)... their entire lives nestling in the protective tentacles of ... they sometimes travel hundreds of kilometres across the open ... fish has been predicted, this is the first time ... populations has been observed. , Dr Steve Simpson, Senior ... University of Exeter, and colleagues from the Australian Research ...
(Date:9/17/2014)... UCLA atmospheric scientists were instrumental in the creation of ... tool to classify the fire threat potential of the ... a spark into an inferno. The index was introduced ... with UCLA and San Diego Gas and Electric. , ... to "extreme" that will be used to help fire ...
(Date:9/17/2014)... engineering professor and his doctoral student have designed a ... water collected from fog and dew., The device could ... deserts around the globe., Cheng Luo, professor in the ... candidate in the same College of Engineering department, published ... of ACS, (American Chemical Society) Applied Materials ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Expedition finds Nemo can travel great distances to connect populations 2Expedition finds Nemo can travel great distances to connect populations 3UCLA scientists play key role in developing new Santa Ana Wildfire Threat Index 2Shorebird's beak inspires UT Arlington research on water collection 2
... viable future biofuel especially if harvested in summer. ... could provide an important alternative to terrestrial grown biofuels; ... a seasonal basis. Harvesting the kelp in July when ... sugar release for biofuel production. , "The storage carbohydrate ...
... the RIKEN Brain Science Institute (BSI) and their ... a little-studied amyloid peptide in promoting Alzheimer,s disease ... is more abundant, more neurotoxic, and exhibits a ... in earlier research, suggesting a potential role in ...
... which could have practical applications for the medical industry. ... self-cleaning sticky surfaces, which could be useful for a ... medical bandages, tyre performance, and even long lasting adhesives," ... who will be presenting this work at the Society ...
Cached Biology News:Biofuels from the sea 2Overlooked peptide reveals clues to causes of Alzheimer's disease 2Frog feet could solve a sticky problem 2
Other biology definitionOther Tags