Navigation Links
Adaptive radiation


Adaptive radiation describes the rapid speciation of a single or a few species to fill many ecological niches. This is an evolutionary process driven by mutation and natural selection.

Adaptive radiation often occurs when a species is introduced to a new ecosystem, or when a species can survive in an environment that was unreachable before. For example, the Darwin's finches on the Galapagos islands developed from a single species of finches that reached the islands. Other examples include the introduction of predatory mammals to Australia by humans, the development of the first birds, which suddenly were able to expand their territory into the air, or the development of lung fish during the Devonian period, about 300 million years ago.

The dynamics of adaptive radiation is such that, within a relatively short time, many species derive from a single or a few ancestor species. From this large number of genetic combinations, only a few can survive on long term. After the rapid development of many new species, lots or most of them die out as quickly as they appeared. The surviving species are almost perfectly adapted to the new environment. The rise and fall of new species is now progressing very slowly, compared to the initial outburst of species.

There are three basic types of adaptive radiation. They are :

  1. General adaptation. A species that develops a radically new ability can reach new parts of its environment. An example of general adaptation is bird flight.
  2. Environmental change. A species that can, in contrast to the other species in the ecosystem, successfully survive in a radically changed environment will probably branch into new species that cover the new ecological niches created by the environmental change. An example of adaptive radiation as the result of an environmental change is the rapid spread and development of mammalian species after the extinction of the dinosaurs.
  3. Archipelagoes. Isolated ecosystems, such as islands and mountain areas, can be colonized by a new species which upon establishing itself undergoes rapid divergent evolution. Darwin's finches are examples of adaptive radiation occurring in an archipelago.

In science fiction sometimes adaptive radiation of humans is imagined. This often makes for interesting multi-species worlds.


'"/>


(Date:8/17/2015)... -- NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" or the ... mobile commerce market and creator of the Wocket® smart ... The new marketing campaign is being spearheaded by an ... ( http://amplitudemarketing.com/ ) and TPMG ( http://tmpg.com/ ). ... driven marketing and brand awareness and has a client ...
(Date:8/11/2015)... -- Today, ZUK announced its Android smartphone Z1, featuring ... revenues in 2015 that relate to sales of FPC1155 for this ... 2,200 MSEK for 2015. Jörgen Lantto, CEO of FPC, ... smartphone manufacturer in China and we ... 155 for Z1 , ...
(Date:8/6/2015)... Calif. , Aug. 6, 2015 ... developer of human interface solutions, today announced collaboration ... technologies on Windows 10. Microsoft leveraged Synaptics, deep ... the operating system. Through stringent ... are fully certified with Microsoft,s Precision TouchPad (PTP) ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):NXT-ID, Inc. Launches Sales Campaign for Wocket Smart Wallet with Award Winning Marketing Team 2NXT-ID, Inc. Launches Sales Campaign for Wocket Smart Wallet with Award Winning Marketing Team 3FPC's Touch Fingerprint Sensor FPC1155 in ZUK's Smartphone Z1 2Synaptics Chosen for Human Interface Co-Development on Windows 10 2
... Alternating hemiplegia of childhood (AHC) is a very rare ... the body and then the other in devastating bouts ... difficulty walking are common among patients with this diagnosis. ... discovered that mutations in one gene cause the disease ...
... Branch at Galveston researchers have been awarded a two-year, $1.25 ... of custom-growing human lung tissue to make a three-dimensional model ... the size of a dime, will form the core of ... testing new vaccines and drugs and studying disease processes in ...
... This press release is available in German . ... perceive our world in a self-reflective manner is difficult to ... sleep, however, we are not. But there are people, known ... sleep. Studies employing magnetic resonance tomography (MRT) have now been ...
Cached Biology News:Gene discovery set to help with mysterious paralysis of childhood 2Gene discovery set to help with mysterious paralysis of childhood 3UTMB scientists awarded NIH grant for lab-grown lung tissue project 2The seat of meta-consciousness in the brain 2
Other biology definitionOther Tags